(1) Sliding and rolling contact bearing for comparison of structure and movement
The most obvious difference between sliding and rolling contact bearing is whether there is a rolling element.
Rolling bearings have rolling elements (balls, cylindrical rollers, tapered rollers, needles), which support the rotating shaft by their rotation, so the contact point is a point. The more rolling elements, the more contact points.
Sliding bearings have no rolling elements and support the rotating shaft by a smooth surface, so the contact area is one surface.The difference in the structure of sliding and rolling contact bearing determines that the rolling bearing's moving mode is rolling, and the sliding bearing's moving mode is sliding, so the friction situation is completely different.
(2) Comparison of sliding and rolling contact bearing for carrying capacity
Generally speaking, due to the large bearing area of the sliding bearing, its bearing capacity is generally higher than that of the rolling bearing, and the rolling bearing's ability to withstand impact loads is not high. Large shock loads. When the rotation speed is high, the centrifugal force of the rolling elements in the rolling bearing increases, and its bearing capacity should be reduced (prone to noise at high speed). For dynamic pressure plain bearings, its bearing capacity increases with increasing speed.
(3) Sliding and rolling contact bearing for Comparison of friction coefficient and starting friction resistance
Under normal operating conditions, the friction coefficient of rolling bearings is lower than that of sliding bearings, and the values are relatively stable. The lubrication of sliding bearings is easily affected by external factors such as speed and vibration, and the friction coefficient varies widely.
When starting, because the sliding bearing has not formed a stable oil film, the resistance is greater than the rolling bearing, but the starting frictional resistance and working friction coefficient of the hydrostatic sliding bearing are very small.
(4) Comparison of sliding and rolling contact bearing for applicable working speed
Rolling bearings are limited by the centrifugal force of the rolling elements and the temperature rise of the bearings, so the rotation speed cannot be too high. sliding and rolling contact bearing are generally suitable for medium and low speed working conditions. Incomplete liquid lubricated bearings due to bearing heating and wear, the working speed should not be too high. The high-speed performance of completely liquid-lubricated bearings is very good, especially when the static pressure sliding bearing uses air as a lubricant, its speed can reach 100,000r / min.
(5) Comparison of sliding and rolling contact bearing for power loss
Due to the small friction coefficient of sliding and rolling contact bearing for rolling bearings, the power loss is generally not large, which is smaller than that of incomplete liquid lubricated bearings, but it will increase sharply when lubrication and installation are improper. The frictional power loss of fully liquid lubricated bearings is low, but sliding and rolling contact bearing for hydrostatic sliding bearings, due to the power loss of the oil pump, the total power loss may be higher than the dynamic pressure sliding bearings.
(6) Sliding and rolling contact bearing for service life comparison
Rolling bearings are affected by pitting and fatigue of materials, so the general design life is 5 ~ 10 years, or replacement during overhaul. sliding and rolling contact bearing of incomplete liquid lubricated bearings are severely worn and need to be replaced regularly. The life of fully liquid lubricated bearings is theoretically unlimited. In fact, due to stress cycles, especially dynamic pressure sliding bearings, the bearing material may suffer fatigue damage.
(7) Sliding and rolling contact bearing for comparison of rotation accuracy
Due to the small radial clearance of sliding and rolling contact bearing for rolling bearings, the rotation accuracy is generally high. Incomplete liquid lubricated bearings are in the state of boundary lubrication or mixed lubrication, the operation is unstable, the wear is serious, and the accuracy is low. Completely liquid lubricated bearings have high accuracy due to the presence of oil film, buffer vibration absorption. Hydrostatic sliding bearings have higher rotation accuracy.
(8) Sliding and rolling contact bearing for comparison
sliding and rolling contact bearing of rolling bearings use oil, grease or solid lubricants, and the amount is small, and the amount is large at high speed. The cleanliness of the oil is high, so the seal is required. However, the bearing is easy to replace and generally does not need to repair the journal. For sliding bearings, except for incomplete liquid lubricated bearings, the lubricant is generally liquid or gas, the amount is large, the oil cleanliness requirements are high, the bearing bush needs to be replaced frequently, and sometimes the journal is also repaired.
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